Michel Aoun Wiki – Michel Aoun Biography
Michel Aoun Full name Michel Naim Aoun is the current President of Lebanon. He was elected president on 31 October 2016 on the 46th electoral session of the Lebanese parliament.
Michel Naim Aoun is the current President of Lebanon. He was elected president on 31 October 2016 on the 46th electoral session of the Lebanese parliament, breaking a 29-month deadlock. He is a Maronite Christian and the founder of the Free Patriotic Movement. Wikipedia
Born: February 18, 1935 (age 85 years), Haret Hreik, Lebanon
Spouse: Nadia Al Chami (m. 1968)
Party: Free Patriotic Movement
Presidential term: October 31, 2016 – Children: Chantal Aoun, Mireille Aoun, Claudine Aoun
Michel Aoun Full Biography Wiki
Michel Naim Aoun (Arabic: ميشال نعيم عون, romanized: Mīšāl Naʿīm ʿAwn, Arabic pronunciation: [miːʃeːl ʕo.uːn]; born 18 February 1935) is the current President of Lebanon. He was elected president on 31 October 2016 on the 46th electoral session of the Lebanese parliament, breaking a 29-month deadlock. He is a Maronite Christian and the founder of the Free Patriotic Movement.
Michel Aoun was appointed as Lebanese Army General (Head of the Lebanese Army) in 1984. From 22 September 1988 to 13 October 1990, Aoun served as Prime Minister after being appointed by the then departing Lebanese President Amine Gemayel as head of the Lebanese government and interim prime minister. The controversial decision saw the rise of two rival governments contending for power at that time, one by General Aoun and the other by prime minister Selim Hoss.
Aoun declared a “War of Liberation” against Syrian army forces on 14 March 1989. On 13 October 1990, the Syrian forces invaded Aoun strongholds including the presidential palace in Baabda, killing hundreds of Lebanese soldiers and civilians. Aoun fled to the French Embassy in Beirut, and was later granted asylum in France where he lived in exile for 15 years from 1990 to 2005.
Aoun returned to Lebanon on 7 May 2005, eleven days after the withdrawal of Syrian troops from the country. In 2006, as head of the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM), he signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Hezbollah, starting a major alliance that has remained ever since. Despite the bloody history with the regime of Hafez al-Assad, father of Bashar al-Assad, Aoun visited Syria in 2009.
Aoun was elected a Member of Parliament where he headed the Free Patriotic Movement and the broader parliamentary coalition called Reform and Change Bloc, which had 27 representatives making it the second biggest bloc in the Lebanese parliament. He presented his candidacy for presidential election with main rival candidates being Samir Geagea, Suleiman Frangieh and Henri Helou. After his election, he was sworn in as President of Lebanon in succession to President Michel Suleiman.
Michel Aoun Early Life
A Maronite Christian, Michel Aoun, with family origins from Haret el Maknouniye Jezzine, was born in the mixed Christian-Shiite suburb of Haret Hreik, to the south of Beirut.
He finished his secondary education at the College Des Frères Furn Al Chebbak in 1955 and enrolled in the Military Academy as a cadet officer. Three years later, he graduated as an artillery officer in the Lebanese Army. Michel Aoun is married to Nadia Al Chami. They have three daughters: Mireille, Claudine and Chantal.
Michel Aoun Complte Timeline
- 1935: Born in the Beirut suburb of Haret Hreik, as the son of poor Maronite parents. His father is a butcher.
- 1941: His family must move out of their house, as British and Australian forces are occupying it.
- 1955: He finishes his secoQndary education, and becomes a cadet officer at the Military Academy.
- In 1958, he graduates as an artillery officer in the army. He goes to France to receive further military training at Châlons-sur-Marne. He graduates the following year. He is promoted to Second Lieutenant on 30 September.
- 1966: Gets military training at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, USA.
- 1978: Goes to France for more military training at École Supérieure de Guerre.
- 1980: Returns to Lebanon, where he soon is appointed head of the Defence Brigade, which is stationed along the Green Line that separated West and East Beirut.
- 1982: Aoun is promoted to brigadier-general and gets command over the new 8th Brigade, a multi-confessional army unit. The 8th Brigade was instrumental in protecting the Palestinian refugee camp of Borj Al Barajneh from the sinister fate of Sabra and Chatila.
- 1983: Aoun’s 8th Brigade, against superior odds, fends off an attack by Syrian-aligned militias in Suq-al-Gharb, firmly establishing his military credentials.
- 1984: Is promoted to Lieutenant-general (3 star General), and military chief of staff.
- 1988 September 22: Is appointed by outgoing president Amine Gemayel (15 minutes before the expiration of his term) to head a military government to be formed by members of the Martial Court, which Aoun as Armed Forces Commander chairs. The Muslim members of the Martial Court, it later transpired, are pressured by the Syrian occupant to decline their appointments. The area under Aoun’s control at this point is very small: East Beirut and surrounding suburbs. Amine Gemayel appointed officers to take over after briefly considering judges or a caretaker government formed of politicians. Having failed to form a political caretaker government and feeling that judges “can’t defend themselves” he opted for a military cabinet. Indeed, Amine Gemayel had recognized that his own nemesis throughout his presidency, the militia his slain brother Bashir Gemayel had founded, the Lebanese Forces, would also attempt to undermine the authority of a caretaker government.
- 1989: In February 1989: The Lebanese army takes control of the harbour of Beirut, which came to involve military actions against the Lebanese Forces. On 14 February 1989, Aoun and his family escape an assassination attempt by the Lebanese Forces. in March, as part of his strategy to reestablish the government’s control over illegal ports, Aoun established a Maritime Control Center to stifle traffic from illegal ports operated by Syrian-aligned militias. These militias respond by shelling the sector under Aoun’s control, including the presidential palace, the seat of Aoun’s government. In light of Syrian participation in these acts of sedition, Aoun declares a “war of liberation” against Syria. In September, Aoun agreed to an Arab League brokered cease-fire. In October 1989, even though the National Reconciliation Charter got support from most Muslim and Christian parliamentarians, Aoun rejected it, because it did not propose a clear schedule for withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon, because “the Charter was passed under duress, with Parliamentarians on foreign soil under Saudi and Syrian foreign influence.” Aoun, using his constitutional powers as acting president, dissolved the parliament.
- 5 November 1989: Aoun refuses to recognize the president, Rene Muawad, newly elected by a parliament that he had dissolved. On 24 November, as had been the case with Muawad (assassinated on 22 November), Aoun does not recognize the new elected president, Elias Hrawi. Hrawi responds by dismissing Aoun. Aoun ignores the dismissal, insisting that he and not Hrawi holds the legal constitutional power. Aoun’s argument remains that having dissolved parliament, the election of Hrawi (and Muawad before him) by that parliament is therefore null and void.
- December 1989: a group of army commanders visit Michel Aoun on Christmas holiday. Aoun orders his commanders to prepare for a big battle to take place in one month later in order to “sweep the broken pottery” (i.e. the Lebanese Forces). For this reason the battle between Aoun’s Army and the Lebanese Forces is called “cancellation war” (حرب الالغاء).
- January 1990: Aoun’s forces attack a school in Ain El Remmeneh that belongs to the Lebanese Forces and controlled it, this incident comes after Aoun’s press conference stating that “The only rifle allowed is for the Lebanese Army.” Michel Aoun doesn’t know that Samir Geagea is prepared for this war, so he does not anticipate that the war will last six months, and the war weakens both sides and divides and weakens Christians.
- October 1990: Following an air and ground campaign, Syrian troops and air forces occupy all areas controlled by the Lebanese Army. Under siege and military pressure by the Syrian army and the Lebanese Forces, Aoun is now holed up in the presidential palace of Baabda, and is requested to go to the French Embassy to declare a surrender. There, he surrenders to the Syrians via a radio address, however bad communications due to heavy bombardment prevents some divisions from receiving an official order to surrender, who thus continue fighting, resulting in a particularly bloody battle in the town of Dahr al-Wahsh where two hundred Lebanese troops manage to inflict five-hundred casualties on the Syrian army (the troops and many local civilians subsequently massacre after surrendering)
- August 1991: Aoun leaves for France after the Lebanese government has granted him conditional amnesty, and the French president, asylum.
- January 1999: Prime Minister Rafik Hariri says that Aoun could return to Lebanon with the guarantee that he will not be arrested. He is uncertain as to how Syria will react, and remains abroad
- 7 May 2005: Aoun returns to Lebanon. In late May, he participates in the parliamentary elections. He is elected to the National Assembly, and his party, the Free Patriotic Movement, wins 21 seats
- 2008: Participates for the first time in the Lebanese government with five ministers
- 7 May 2009: The Free Patriotic Movement wins 19 seats, 5 more seats than in the previous elections. In November, he takes part in the new government with five ministers.
- 2011: The 14-month-old government collapsed after FPM ministers declare their resignation, followed by the rest of the opposition. According to Aoun, the priorities of the new government would now be to break all ties with the tribunal, and to stamp out the 20-year-long corruption plaguing the country. The new Government is formed on 13 June 2011, with 6 ministers for the Free Patriotic Movement, up from 3 in the last government, and a total of 11 ministers for Aoun’s C&R bloc. However, the loyalties of the five non-FPM ministers of this bloc seem to shift very easily to Mikati depending on their own interests, as did the rest of the 8 March coalition, leaving Aoun’s ministers as a minority in the government without even veto powers, as they were in Saad Hariri’s government.
- April 2013: General Aoun’s parliamentary bloc manage to conclude a consensus around a new electoral law based on proportionality. This consensus is however broken by one of the parties (the Lebanese Forces) and the next parliamentary elections will be held with the amended 1960’s electoral law
- May 2013: Parliamentary elections are reported for September 2014. General Aoun’s parliamentary bloc are the only deputies to oppose the decision of the current political class to renew the term of the parliament for one year.
- November 2014: Parliamentary elections are reported up to June 2017. General Aoun’s parliamentary bloc deputies oppose again the decision of the current political class to renew the term of the parliament for three years.
- 8 July 2015: Hundreds of FPM supporters rally in Beirut to denounce the decision of the Sunni prime minister Tammam Salam to impose the modification of the decision’s mechanism inside the government in absence of a Christian president.
- 12 August 2015: Thousands of FPM supporters rally in Beirut to denounce the lack of balance in the government’s decisions mechanism between Christians and Muslims as well as the garbage crisis and the boycott of a part of the political class for the election of a strong president.
- 4 September 2015: Dozens of thousands of FPM supporters rally in Beirut in support for general Michel Aoun’s demands: a new electoral law based on proportionality and the election of a strong president.
- 11 October 2015: Dozens of thousands of FPM supporters rally to renew their support to General Michel Aoun.
- 31 October 2016: After a vote by the parliament, Michel Aoun is elected “President of Lebanese Republic”.