John Hume Wiki – John Hume Biography
John Hume, a Nobel Peace Prize winner and former SDLP leader has died aged 83. He died in the early hours of Monday at Owen Mor nursing home in Londonderry.
— Daily Mail U.K. (@DailyMailUK) August 3, 2020
John Hume Short Biography / Wiki
John Hume, KCSG is an Irish former politician from Derry, Northern Ireland. He was a founding member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party, and was co-recipient of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize, with David Trimble. Wikipedia
- Born: January 18, 1937 (age 83 years), Londonderry, United Kingdom
- Spouse: Patricia Hume
- Party: Social Democratic and Labour Party
- Children: Aidan Hume
- Education: St Columb’s College, St Patrick’s College, Maynooth, Maynooth University
Who was John Hume
One of the highest-profile politicians in Northern Ireland for more than 30 years, he helped create the climate that brought an end the Troubles.
The former teacher first came to prominence during the Civil Rights Movement in 1968. He was one of the founding members of the SDLP in 1970.
He became SDLP leader in 1979, a post which he relinquished in November 2001.
John Hume Cause of death:
|John Hume Cause of Death||Unknown|
Hume Complete Biography
John Hume, KCSG (18 January 1937 – 3 August 2020) was an Irish former politician from Derry, Northern Ireland. He was a founding member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party, and was co-recipient of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize, with David Trimble.
He was the second leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), a position he held from 1979 until 2001. He has served as a Member of the European Parliament and a Member of the UK Parliament, as well as a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
He was regarded as one of the most important figures in the recent political history of Ireland and one of the architects of the Northern Ireland peace process. He is also a recipient of the Gandhi Peace Prize and the Martin Luther King Award, the only recipient of the three major peace awards. In 2010 he was named “Ireland’s Greatest” in a public poll by Irish national broadcaster RTÉ to find the greatest person in Ireland’s history. In 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made Hume a Knight Commander of the Papal Order of St. Gregory the Great.
John Hume Early Life
John Hume was born in Derry with an Irish Catholic background. His great-grandfather was a Presbyterian immigrant into County Donegal from Scotland. Hume was a student at St. Columb’s College and at St. Patrick’s College, Maynooth, the leading Catholic seminary in Ireland and a recognised college of the National University of Ireland, where he intended to study for the priesthood. Among his teachers was the future Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, a future Primate of All Ireland.
Hume did not complete his clerical studies but did obtain an M.A degree from the college, and then returned home to his native city and became a teacher. He was a founding member of the Credit Union movement in the city and was chair of the University for Derry Committee in 1965.
John Hume Achievements
Hume became a leading figure in the civil rights movement in the late 1960s along with people such as Hugh Logue.
Hume was prominent in the unsuccessful fight to have Northern Ireland’s second university established in Derry in the mid-sixties. After this campaign, John Hume went on to be a prominent figure in the Derry Citizens’ Action Committee.
The DCAC was set up in the wake of 5 October march through Derry which had caused so much attention to be drawn towards the situation in Northern Ireland.
The purpose of the DCAC was to make use of the publicity surrounding recent events to bring to light grievances in Derry that had been suppressed by the Unionist Government for years. The DCAC, unlike Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA), however, was aimed specifically at a local campaign, improving the situation in Derry for all, and maintaining a peaceful stance. The committee also had a Stewards Association that was there to prevent any violence at marches or sit-downs.
- Honorary D.Litt., St Thomas University, Fredericton, N.B., 2007
- LL.D. (honoris causa), Boston College, 1995. One of the 44 honorary doctorates Hume has been awarded.
- LL.D. (honoris causa), University College Galway, 1996
- Four Freedoms, Freedom of Speech Medal Recipient, 1996
- Golden Doves for Peace Journalistic Prize, 1997
- Nobel Prize for Peace (co-recipient), 1998.
- Martin Luther King Peace Award, 1999
- International Gandhi Peace Prize, 2001.
- Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement, 2002.
- Freedom of two cities; Derry City in 2000 & Cork in 2004.
- Gandhi, King, Ikeda Community Builders Prize, 2005 (presented by the Martin Luther King International Chapel, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia)
- Honorary Patron, University Philosophical Society, Trinity College Dublin.
- Ireland’s Greatest (public poll conducted by RTÉ), 2010
- Knight of Saint Gregory, 2012