Who was Anton Wilhelm Amo (African-German philosopher) Wiki, Biography, Age, Wikipedia &Facts You Need to Know

Anton Wilhelm Amo

Anton Wilhelm Amo Wiki – Anton Wilhelm Amo wikipedia

Anton Wilhelm Amo or Anthony William Amo was an African-German philosopher originally from what is now Ghana. Amo was a professor at the universities of Halle and Jena in Germany after studying there. Wikipedia
Born: 1703, Axim, Ghana

Died: 1759, Ghana
Era: Contemporary philosophy
Books: Anton William Amo’s Treatise on the Art of Philosophising Soberly and Accurately (with Commentaries),
Education: Rudolph-Antoniana, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, University of Helmstedt
Nationality: German, Ghanaian

Google celebrating Anton Wilhelm Amo with doodle

Today’s Doodle, illustrated by Berlin-based resident artist Diana Ejaita, celebrates the Ghanaian-German philosopher, writer and academic Anton Wilhelm Amo – considered one of Europe’s first African-born university students and professors, as well as one of the greatest of the 18th century is being. important Black philosophers. To this day in 1730, Amo received the equivalent of a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Wittenberg in Germany.

Who was Anton Wilhelm Amo wikipedia

Amo was born around 1703 near the town of Axim on the Gold Coast of Africa (now Ghana). Although the conditions for his relocation are unclear, Amo grew up in Amsterdam and was named Anton Wilhelm by his family. Amo started his university studies in 1727 and completed his first dissertation two years later: a legal and historical dispute against European slavery.

Amo has published works in various disciplines from philosophy to psychology and has established himself as a renowned Enlightenment thinker. He continued teaching at a number of German universities and found time to master seven languages ​​during his lifetime. An influential advocate of the abolition case, Amo ultimately struggled with racism and opposition to his beliefs. In 1747 he returned to present-day Ghana where he stayed for the rest of his life.

Martin Luther University in Halle-Wittenberg erected a statue similar to him in 1965 in honor of Amo’s legacy. In August 2020, Berlin announced it plans to name a street in the city’s Mitte district after him.

Anton Wilhelm Amo Life Story

Master was a Nzema (an Akan people). He was born in Axim, in the western region of present-day Ghana, but at the age of four he was brought to Amsterdam by the Dutch West India Company.

Some accounts say that he was taken as a slave, others that he was sent to Amsterdam by a preacher working in Ghana. The truth of the matter is that it was given as a “gift” to Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, to whose palace at Wolfenbüttel it was brought.

Master was baptized (and later confirmed) in the palace chapel. He was treated as a member of the duke’s family and was educated at Wolfenbüttel Ritter-Akademie (1717–21) and at the University of Helmstedt (1721–27).

He went on to the University of Halle, where he entered the Faculty of Law in 1727. He completed his preliminary studies in two years, qualifying his thesis Dissertatio Inauguralis de Jure Maurorum in Europe (1729).

This manuscript on The Rights of the Moors in Europe was lost, but a summary was published in the Annals of its university (1730). For his further studies, Amo moved to the University of Wittenberg, where he studied logic, metaphysics, physiology, astronomy, history, law, theology, politics and medicine, and mastered six languages ​​(English, French, Dutch, Latin, Greek and German ).

. His medical education in particular was to play a central role in much of his later philosophical thought.

He obtained his doctorate in philosophy at Wittenberg in 1734; his thesis (published as On the Absence of Sensation in the Human Mind and Its Presence in Our Living, Organic Body) argued against Cartesian dualism in favor of a broadly materialistic account of the person. He accepted that it is correct to speak of the mind or soul, but argued that it is the body rather than the mind that perceives and feels.

Everything that feels, lives; everything that lives depends on nutrition; everything that lives and depends on nutrition grows; everything of this nature is finally resolved into its basic principles; everything that is resolved in its basic principles is a complex; each complex has its constituent parts; whatever this is true is a divisible body. Therefore, if the human mind feels, it follows that it is a divisible body.

Philosophical career and later life

Amo returned to the University of Halle to teach philosophy under his preferred name of Antonius Guilelmus Amo Afer. In 1736 he was appointed professor. Based on his lectures, he produced his second important work in 1738, A Treatise on the Art of Philosophizing with Sobriety and Precision, in which he developed an empiricist epistemology very close to but different from that of philosophers like John Locke and David Hume. In it he also examined and criticized flaws such as intellectual dishonesty, dogmatism, and prejudice.

In 1740 Amo assumed a post in philosophy at the University of Jena, but while there he underwent a series of changes for the worse. The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel had died in 1735, leaving him without his longtime patron and protector. That coincided with social changes in Germany, which was becoming intellectually and morally narrower and less liberal. Those who argued against the secularization of education (and against the rights of Africans in Europe) were regaining their dominance over those who fought for greater academic and social freedom, such as Christian Wolff.

Master was subjected to a nasty campaign by some of his enemies, including a public satire staged at a Halle theater. He finally decided to return to the land of his birth. He set sail on a Dutch West India Company ship for Ghana via Guinea, arriving in about 1747; his father and a sister still lived there. His life thereafter becomes darker. According to at least one report, he was taken to a Dutch fortress, Fort San Sebastián at Shama, in the 1750s, possibly to prevent him from sowing dissension among his people. The exact date, place and manner of his death are unknown, although he probably died around 1759 at Shama Fort in Ghana.

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